“Although the US President’s decision to leave the Paris Agreement sends a bad political signal, the market signals could not be stronger.” says Peter Castellas, Chief Executive Officer of the Carbon Market Institute.
“All of Australia’s key trading partners in the Indo-Pacific have shifted inexorably towards low-carbon development, and all have unequivocal commitment to reducing emissions under the Paris Agreement,” says Castellas.
“Irrespective of the Trump decision, Australia’s energy-intensive, export oriented economy will become increasing exposed to markets like China and Korea, where there is an explicit carbon price, a changing fossil fuel energy mix and a demand for innovation and technology solutions that augment the transition.”
“It is critical that the Australian Government redoubles its resolve to our Paris commitments and makes it clear that it is in our national economic interest to be part of the global community response to reduce global emissions.”
“President Trump’s interpretation of the Paris Agreement played to a nationalist sentiment of his domestic constituency. Some of his comments were inaccurate and misleading and some of his facts, wrong. It is important now that the Australian Government and other elected Parliamentarians don’t succumb to the temptation to echo some of these inaccurate and misleading comments of the US President.”
“At a time when we are reviewing our national climate policies, we need a mature forward thinking approach in Australia. We need our Prime Minister and senior cabinet ministers to stand firm and articulate clearly the case for committed action in the face of any climate sceptics that, emboldened by the Trump decision, may try to detract from good policies that need to be implemented in our economic interest.”
The international community is now considering how the global momentum will be operationalised through the preparation of a Paris Rule Book that is to be finalized in 2018, and to guide implementation of commitments under the Agreement.
“There is an increasingly important role for Government to address the information gaps that exist in Australia about regional carbon market developments, in order to help ‘future-proof’ Australian products and services; unlock innovation and technology; and secure the competitiveness of trade-exposed industries.”
Importantly for Australia, there is uncertainty about how the Paris rulebook will treat emissions offsets and eligibility of tradeable mitigation outcomes. It is not clear what the carbon offset supply and availability of units will be to be traded in a post 2020 environment for heavy emitting companies with a carbon liability.
“Australia needs to be inside the tent on these negotiations and deepen cooperation with other Parties in the development of options that will form the market mechanisms to import or export international carbon credits.”
There is no doubt that US action on climate change remains critical to achieving the ambitions of the Paris Agreement. However US action will continue as powerful US businesses and states such as California reaffirm their commitment to invest and create jobs and opportunities and the linkage of carbon markets in North America progresses.
“President Trump’s decision is regrettable, disappointing, inward-looking and divisive. But the combined weight of the global political will to transition to a zero-carbon economy and the economic evidence of the transition is clear. The global emissions trajectory is down.”
“Australia is a committed Party to the Paris Agreement. We are in the game so let’s optimize our position as nation as this economic transition and new markets evolve.”